India and Climate Diplomacy

Melting glaciers in the Himalayas and the Andes mountain ranges, rising storms in the Caribbean and Oceania terrain and changing weather patterns in Africa and the Middle East provide a frightening picture of climate-change challenges. At present, climate change is one of the important challenges whose effects are being felt directly. There is a general consensus among scientists and policy-makers around the world that climate change not only affects international peace but is also a major threat to the security of nations. Experts believe that the global community needs a broad coalition to meet these challenges, because if one country complies with global standards reduces its carbon emissions and other countries ignore these standards then It will be of no benefit to the adhering countries and will have to face the consequences of climate change despite tireless efforts.

Climate diplomacy

  • According to experts, climate diplomacy refers to developing a system for international climate change and ensuring its effective functioning.
  • For example, the G8 Renewable Energy Task Force was established in the year 2000 with the objective of identifying market failures related to the use of renewable energy in developing countries.
  • In general terms, it can be said that climate diplomacy is given by a nation to place climate change in its foreign policy.
climate change

Climate diplomacy and India

  • India is an emerging economy, market and the second most populous country in the world. Experts believe that India can play an important role in the context of climate diplomacy.
  • There is a need for India to top climate change and global warming on its foreign policy agenda. Thus, India can also benefit from self-defeats.
  • India’s stance on climate diplomacy developed in the 1990s through the principle of ‘equal but differentiated obligations’ (CBDR), highlighting the issue of environmental colonialism. Which inspired India to establish an organization like the International Solar Alliance.

Environmental colonialism

Colonialism generally means a situation in which a nation expands its political power to other nations and exploits its resources in its own interest. The concept of environmental colonialism has also developed on this basis, for many decades, developed countries like America have been blaming developing countries like India and China for increasing global temperature. Consequently, the principle of ‘equal but differentiated obligations’ was adopted by developing countries to reduce the pressure of environmental colonialism of developed countries so that developing countries do not have to sacrifice their developmental needs due to exploitation of developed countries. It is known that this principle recognizes the different capacities and responsibilities of different countries in addressing climate change.

climate diplomacy
  • In relation to its climate diplomacy, India needs to develop a developmental model that focuses on adaptation and takes into account all of India’s needs with climate change, and its engagement with the West on issues such as finance and technology. Encourages
  • The economic benefit of one country with technological cooperation for the environment can ensure permanent engagement with another country and which can also have an impact on global actions.
  • Germany’s reduction in renewable energy prices through its domestic programs is an excellent example of renewable energy support for global prices.
  • Similarly, if India also displays renewable energy accurately and accurately in its national priorities, then it will increase India’s importance in international efforts for climate change.

Towards better climate diplomacy

  • Maritime Security: The policy of SAGAR- Security and Growth for All in the Region is at the heart of India’s maritime strategy.
  • It is a maritime initiative that prioritizes the Indian Ocean region in India’s policy to ensure peace, stability and prosperity in the Indian Ocean region.
  • While India is trying to leverage the capabilities of the Blue Economy with its regional partners in the Indian Ocean region, it is imperative that it expand to develop Climate-Resilient Ports in the region. Take technical, logical and regulatory steps. Significantly, India can make this effort through its climate diplomacy.
  • Strategic relationship: Rising sea level and sinking cities and continuous increase in intensity of tsunamis, cyclones and floods is a strategic concern. Due to which India needs to change its foreign policy according to climate change concerns.
indian ocean region
  • For example, India has taken several steps to increase cooperation with Sri Lanka in the context of climate change. Apart from climate change, these efforts can also help to limit China’s influence in the Indo-Pacific region if viewed from a strategic perspective.
  • Food Security: The issue of climate-resilient agriculture can be raised by India in various bilateral and multilateral negotiations and their demand can also be increased by promoting trade in sustainable agricultural products. Along with this, it will also go a long way in addressing important issues like food security on a global scale.
  • Trade: India will have to make necessary changes in its trade pattern keeping in mind the climate change. For example, India can promote global trade with Germany, climate change conscious.

The conclusion

It is important that India prioritizes climate change in its foreign policy and recognizes its strategic importance by not just looking at it environmentally or economically. India can play a positive role in the field of climate change through its ‘Neighborhood First’ policy. Making climate change an important part of our foreign policy and moving towards climate diplomacy can present India as a sensitive and responsible global leader.

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