social media| Social media regulation 2019

Social media regulation :Recently, the Supreme Court, while hearing a petition, directed the Central Government to formulate the necessary rules to prevent misuse of social media. In response to this, the central government has demanded an additional time of 3 months to prepare the final outline of the related rules. It is known that in the last few years, social media has been used for broadcasting fake news on a very wide scale and has led to many negative results. It is important to note that in view of the misuse of social _media, many petitions demanded that Facebook and other social media sites should ask for any government identity card as a form of identification from the person before opening any account so that the credibility of that account To be sure.

Social media and India

Social media regulation

  • Freedom of expression is an important feature of a vibrant democracy, and the opportunity that social media has given us to use this right was not possible to imagine a few decades ago.
  • Social media has also given a person standing at the end of the society an opportunity to connect with the mainstream of society and express their views openly.
  • According to statistics, there are currently around 350 million social media users in India and by the year 2023, the number will reach about 447 million.
  • According to a report released in 2019, Indian users spend an average of 2.4 hours on social media.
  • According to the same report, users in the Philippines use social media the most (on average 4 hours), while Japan has the least (45 minutes) social media usage on this basis.
  • Apart from this, social media also remains in the discussion due to its criticisms. Actually, the role of social media has been to spoil social harmony and promote thinking that divides society instead of positive thinking.
  • Controlling the misuse of social media has become a major challenge before policy makers in India and people are also seriously considering it.

Social media abuse

misuse of social media
misuse of social media
  • According to statistics, in the year 2017-18, 2,245 objectionable materials were reported on several sites including Facebook, Twitter, of which 1,662 items were removed by June 2018.
  • It is noteworthy that most of these material was in violation of laws prohibiting the insult of religious sentiments and national symbols. The large number of objectionable content found in this short term shows how much social media is being misused.
  • On the other hand, historical facts are also being manipulated through social media. Not only are attempts to present historical events in a different way, but wrong information about the leaders who are the leaders of independence is being shared on a large scale.
  • According to the report of the World Economic Forum, the spread of misinformation via social media is one of the few major emerging risks in the world.
  • Of course, this is not only a hindrance in the progress of the country, but it can also have dangerous consequences in the future. Therefore, it is necessary that the government of the country should seriously consider this subject and try to stop it completely.
social media platforms
social media platforms

Positive effects of social media

  • Social media is an important means of connecting with people around the world and it has given a new dimension to communication in the world.
  • Social media can become the voice of those who are different from the mainstream of society and whose voice has been suppressed.
  • Currently social media is acting as a good means of business for many businessmen.
  • Many types of employment have also arisen with social media.
  • Presently, social media is being used on a very wide scale to spread awareness among the common citizens.
  • Many researches have revealed that most of the people around the world get daily information through social media.

Negative effects of social media

  • Many research suggests that if one uses social media more than necessary, it can negatively affect our brain and lead us to depression.
  • Social media promotes cyber-bullying.
  • It plays an important role in spreading fake news and hate speech.
  • There is a lack of privacy on social media and sometimes your personal data is at risk of being stolen.
  • The risk of cyber crimes like hacking and phishing etc. also increases.
  • Nowadays the trend of cheating through social media has also increased greatly, these people look for a social media user who can be easily trapped.
  • Excessive use of social media can affect our physical and mental health in a big way.

Current social media and fake news rules

  • It is noteworthy that social media platforms in India are already covered under the Information Technology (IT) Act, 2008.
  • Under current laws, if social media platforms are ordered to remove any content by courts or law enforcement entities, they must do so.
  • There are also reporting mechanisms on social media platforms that try to find out if any content is violating community guidelines and if it is found doing so, it is removed from the platform .
  • Be aware that there is no special law to stop fake news in India. But there are many institutions in India which work in this context.
  • The Press Council of India is one such regulatory body that can warn newspapers, news agencies and their editors if it is found that they have violated the principles of journalism.
  • The News Broadcasters Association (NBA) represents broadcasters of private television news and current affairs and investigates complaints against them.
  • The Broadcasting Content Complaint Council (BCCC) accepts and investigates complaints of objectionable TV content and fake news against TV broadcasters.

Aadhar and social media

  • Issues related to linking social_ media with Aadhaar have been coming up from time to time to ensure reliability.
  • It is noteworthy that from January 2020, the Supreme Court will also start hearing cases related to linking Aadhaar with social _media profiles.
  • At the same time, its opponents say that in these cases questions related to fundamental rights like privacy and freedom of expression need to be considered. If done, it can affect the fundamental right of citizens.
prevent misuse of social media

Right to privacy vs. social media regulation

  • Many proponents of social media regulation believe that such steps are necessary to maintain the integrity and dignity of the country.
  • At the same time it is also true that in the last few years, hate speech, fake news and anti-national activities on social are increasing rapidly.
  • Opponents of the move, on the other hand, believe that if social media regulation is linked to profiles of the tax base, it will affect citizens’ right to privacy, which is not compatible with the constitution.
  • Under Article 21 of the Indian Constitution, every person has the right to life and privacy along with personal liberty.
  • It is noteworthy that Justice K.S. In the much talked-about case of Puttuswamy v. Union of India, the Supreme Court in its 2017 decision had considered privacy a fundamental right, but also said that this right is not arbitrary and unlimited.

The conclusion

Social_ media has given a new dimension to the right to freedom of expression, today everyone can express their views and reach thousands of people through social_ media without any fear, but the misuse of social_ media has made it a dangerous tool As well, the need for its regulation is constantly being felt. It is therefore necessary that new options should be explored in consultation with all parties to prevent misuse of social media without violating the right to privacy, so as to avoid its possible side effects.

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